Theoretical Approaches Used In Counselling:

There are a variety of Counsellors & Therapists to choose from and this can be confusing when searching for the right one for you. A brief insight to the theoretical approaches used by Counsellors might be useful, along with examples of an individuals issues suited to an approach.  

Please visit the BACP website in the link below, for an A - Z look at the variety of options in the counselling and therapy world. If you have any questions regarding therapy in general, please feel free to contact us.

Please note: This is not an exhaustive or exclusive description of theoretical approaches utilised within counselling. It is simply a vary basic overview and a description of the three theoretical approaches Chloe uses.

All counsellors have their own experience and knowledge to work with most individuals.  However, this is a simplistic description aimed to give some insight to the person or couples searching for the right therapy and therapist for them. 

As an Integrative therapist, Chloe was trained to draw upon several theoretical approaches. Her style and experience as a counsellor, is specifically within Person Centred, Psychodynamic and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy models. 

In the link below, you will find Chloe listed on the BACP Counselling Directory.

Person Centered: 
Carl Rogers, an American Psychologist was the founder of the 'Person centred approach' in the 1940's. 
The idea of this theoretical approach is that it is the client which leads, the therapist provides unconditional positive regard, congruence and empathy. 
This approach holds the belief that all people have the desire to be the best versions of themselves and know best how to achieve this, self actualisation. 
The sessions will be led by you and the therapist will be non directive. 


Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist was the founder of psychoanalysis. 
His theories that the analysing of our unconscious mind, brings to light why we are the way we are. 
Focussing on childhood and our development through the Psychosexual stages, Freud explains that our past informs our present.
This approach will link past relationships with caregivers and childhood experience to present ways of being. 
The sessions will be more focussed on the client to therapist relationship, building trust to enhance therapeutic intimacy and have a more analytical theme. 

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy: 
The Father of CBT is Aaron Beck, 1960's and was a Professor of Psychiatry.
Focussing on how thoughts inform feelings and then our behaviour, CBT is a useful tool to challenge your perception or thinking. 
The idea is to focus on the here and now and how you can view yourself more positively. 
This is useful to treat long term issues, depressive conditions or pessimistic or critical thinking. 

Alderian, Gestalt, Existential, Neuro - Linguistic NLP, Humanistic, Transactional Analysis, Play Therapy, Art Therapy, Family Therapy. 

Please visit the BACP website which gives a brief A -Z of therapy descriptions.


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